Space resolved optical spectroscopy on Fe-doped SrTiO3 single crystals
In Fe-doped SrTiO3 perovskite single crystals, the oxidation state of iron (substituting for Ti) depends sensitively on equilibration conditions (T, pO2). At increasing temperature or decreasing pO2, oxygen is gradually excorporated according to
OOx + 2 FeTix ↔ 1/2 O2 + VO.. + 2 FeTi' (1)
leading to the formation of oxygen vacancies VO.. and reduction of FeTix (corresponding to Fe4+) to FeTi' (Fe3+). Since Fe3+ in SrTiO3 is colorless while Fe4+ has a characteristic optical absorption at 590 nm, the kinetics of oxygen stoichiometry change can be monitored on a slice of Fe-doped SrTiO3 single crystal (larges faces sealed by glass) by in-situ optical spectroscopy. This allows us to analyze oxygen surface exchange kinetics, bulk chemical diffusion of oxygen and transport across grain boundaries (Fig. 1).
Not only oxygen, but also water can be incorporated into oxygen vacancies leading to protonic defects OHO. (OH- on the site of O2-):
H2O + VO.. + OOx ↔ 2 OHO. (2)
Interestingly, water uptake into Fe-doped SrTiO3 occurs by a 2-step process as shown in Fig. 2: Firstly, fast diffusing protons are taken up at the expense of electron holes (corresponding to a reduction of the sample), followed by slower oxygen uptake (reoxidation).
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